Quiet,For many people, relaxation and balance are a luxury. Many find it difficult to escape the daily stress and switch off. Meditation can specifically contribute to being able to (again) relax and focus. Meditation can also help treat and prevent mental and physical illnesses, such as depression or migraines .
What is meditation
In Eastern cultures, meditation is a fundamental and central mind-expanding exercise. There one describes the desired states of consciousness as “stillness”, “emptiness”, “oneness” or “being free of thoughts”.
Where does meditation come from?
The origin of the spiritual practice is the Middle and Far East. Meditation was founded and developed in India along with the religion of Hinduism. The originally religious teachings and techniques of meditation spread over time and can now be found almost all over the world in various modifications, but with similar aspects.
The development of different types of meditation can be seen, for example, in the different interpretations of Buddhism. Or the further development of spiritual practice in Japan under the name Zen. In China, however, the art of meditation is known under the name of Chan.
While meditation was previously only practiced in monasteries, meditation, as it is practiced today in the western world, is now detached from its religious background and popular with many people.
Active and passive meditation
Meditation techniques can be roughly divided into two variants: On the one hand, there is physically passive – also known as contemplative – meditation, which is practiced while sitting. On the other hand, physically active meditation is practiced, which includes physical movement, mindful action or loud recitation.
Among the passive meditation techniques include:
1.called the silent meditation or resting meditation
2.the mindfulness or insight meditation
3.the calmness meditation
4.the zen meditation
Active forms of meditation , however, are:
1.the walking meditation
2.the dynamic meditation
5.the Vipassana meditation
6.the mantra meditation
Other types of meditation
Other types of meditation
Other variants of meditation are:
Many people find it easier to engage in meditation when it is guided. In the so-called guided meditation one is accompanied by a leader with the help of a selected text. That could be a dream trip or a story, for example.
In daily usage, however, the term meditation is often used in the sense of the passive form, as it is symbolized by the well-known images of the meditating Buddha.
Mixed forms of meditation
However, not every type of meditation can be divided into passive or active. The different types of meditation can also be mixed forms, i.e. in practical application, for example, include active mindfulness guidance or movements as well as passive letting go and happening.
A hybrid form, for example, is Zen meditation, in which you meditate both while sitting and walking. The mantra meditation can be done actively and passively: in the passive form meditators think of the mantra or mumble it quietly while active by loud utterance or singing – is practiced – often accompanied by rhythmic movements.
In many mantras the syllable “Om” is placed in front of the words. The syllable is also sung in some yoga styles. In Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism, Om is sacred. Om is a sound that is supposed to unite body and mind in harmony.